Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. It is applied externally on skin disorders and decoction of the plant is often taken internally as a remedy for a wide variety of ailments (Dominguez and Sierra 1970; Morton 1981). 1996). Chippendale JF, Panetta FD, 1994. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Common Name – Carrot Grass, Congress grass, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Govind Pashu Vihar National Park complete detail – updated, Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources. In Maharashtra and Gujarat (India) the plant is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus . Parthenium hysterophorus is the main invasive alien weed which dominates over the na-tive species and adversely affects the biodiversity. Toggle navigation ... terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. Parthenium hysterophorus confers many health benefits, viz remedy for skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. Unphof, J.C. 1959. 19:62-64. In the Dictionary of Economic Plants in India Parthenium hysterophourus is described as a weed found in Poona and is reported to be used as tonic, febrifuge, and emmenagogue. The Biology of Australian Weeds 27. Arachis Newslett. 1838. Panetta, and S.W. Sastry, Tenjarla, C.S. Plant Medica 18:275-277. Parthenium plant contains chemicals, like parthenin, hysterin, hymenin, and ambrosin, and due to the presence of these chemicals, the weed exerts strong allelopathic effects on different crops. Register. It is native to the American tropics. World distribution of Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) EPPO Global Database. Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. The direct negative effects of invasive plant species on agriculture and biodiversity are well known, but their indirect effects on human health, and particularly their interactions with disease-transmitting vectors, remains poorly explored. Copyright © 2001. Parthenium hysterophorus belongs to the family Asteracaeae (compositae), many plants of which are capable of causing allergic contact dermatitis. 30-31 July p. 26. Hamilton, E. 1852. Register. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. Parthenium hysterophorus , one of the world’s most dangerous weeds, is responsible for huge losses to the biodiversity, agriculture, economy, and health of livestock and human beings. Sharma, G.L. Landowners are advised to never touch the plant with bare hands and always use a dust mask if working near the we… There are several reports on the antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, antihelmintic and anti-inflammatory properties of the species ( Joshi et al., 2016 ). 20(2):117-120. Conference on Parthenium Management, (Vol-II). All parts of the plant are reported to be used as bitter tonic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, antidysenteric etc. Soc. Investigation of pathogens for biological control of parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L) in Ethiopia. Parthenolide from Parthenium integrifolium reduces tumor burden and alleviate cachexia symptoms in the murine CT-26 model of colorectal carcinoma. Parthenium hysterophorus is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. Adkins. The chemical analysis has indicated that all the plants parts including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called sesquiterpene lactones. Medicinal weeds in groundnut fields of Chhattisgarh (India). Former medicinal use as a diuretic. Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany. The weed adversely affects human and animal health and can cause: 1. respiratory problems 2. severe dermatitis 3. tainted meat if stock eat the plant within one month of slaughter 4. tainted milk.  Notable species include guayule ( P. argentatum ) which has been used as a rubber substitute, especially during the Second World War;  and also P. hysterophorus , a serious invasive species in the Old World . Regular contact with the plant, usually over a prolonged period, produces allergenic dermatitis and asthma in humans. This two-year field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of five different densities (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 plants m⁻²) of parthenium … Parthenium hysterophorus L. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11(2):76-88; 4 pp. Parthenium is used as folk remedy in the Caribbean and Central America (Nabie et al. Manual of cultivated plants, Macmillan, New York. Studies on allelopathy ad medicinal weeds in chickpea fields. Copyright © 2015, Purdue University, all rights reserved. Johri. Its prospect as nano-medicine is being carried out with some preliminary success so far. Oudhia, P. and R.S. Purdue University is an equal access/equal opportunity university. advanced search... Login. College, Mandlaa (M.P.) Identification, Impacts, and Control of Ragweed Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) 3 Regulatory Status Ragweed parthenium is listed as a noxious weed by the governments of Australia, Kenya, and Puerto Rico. A related species, Parthenium argentatum Gray (guayule) yields rubber which can substitute for Hevea rubber. The possibilities of preparing homoeopathic drugs from the obnoxious weeds of Chhattisgarh. Mew et al. Distribution details in Brazil of Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) EPPO Global Database. Parthenium is also reported as promising remedy against hepatic amoebiasis (Sharma and Bhutani,1988). Int. National Research Seminar on Bio-chemical Changes. 1998a. 1960. The major components of toxic being parthenin and other phenolic acids such as caffeic acid, vanillic acid, ansic acid, p-anisic acid, chlorogenic acid, and parahydroxy benzoic acid are lethal to human beings and animals (Mahadevappa 1997; Oudhia 1998). Members of the genus are commonly known as feverfew . Ajay Book Service, New Delhi, p. 462. UAS, Dharwad. 1956. Among 11 species of biological control agents released to control P. hysterophorus in Ausrtalia, winter rust Puccina abrupta var. Its odour is said to be peculiarly disagree to bees and that insects may be easily kept at a distance by carrying a handful of the flower heads." The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. P. hysterophorus growing/flowering season starts from March–April till … ; Matricaria parthenium L, M. parthenoides Hort., M. carpensis Hort., M. eximia Hort., M. odorata Lam; Pyrethrum parthenium Smith] Compositae, is known as congress weed, carrot weed, star weed, feverfew, white top, chatak chandani, bitter weed, ramphool, garghas. Parthenium hysterophorus or Congress plant. Native to southern United States, Mexico and Central and South America, it has been accidentally introduced into several countries and has become a serious agricultural and rangeland weed in parts of Australia, Asia, Africa and the Pacific Islands. Tripathi. 1996). Parthenium hysterophorus , green leaf use full tropical plant. . Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika 13(1/2)53-57. 6: 29-33. Parthenium:A curse for the biodiversity of Chhattisgarh Plains. PP1 - Efficacy Evaluation of Plant Protection Products; PP2 - Good Plant Protection Practice; PP3 - Environmental Risk Assessment of … advanced search... Login. The plant has also been reported to have antibacterial  and anti tumor activity . All Rights Reserved. South American Indian uses a decoction of roots to cure amoebic dysentery (Uphof 1959) whereas parthenin, a toxin of Parthenium, is found pharmacologically active against neuralgia and certain types of rheumatism). In many countries, P. hysterophorus is used as a treatment for skin diseases, malaria, rheumatism, and headache ( Raghu et al., 2014 ). In: Proc First International Conference on Parthenium Management (Vol-1), UAS, Dharwad p. 1-12. Oudhia, P. 1999a. Govt. Ltd., New Delhi. First Int. Levy. Towers, and I.G. INTRODUCTION. High competitive success rate and adaptability of the species enable it to dominate diverse types of habitats. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Congress grass, family Asteraceae) is found throughout the global agricultural and vacant lands. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) It has the potential to grow rapidly till the height of 0.50–1.50 m. It can grow up to 2 m in great soils (Laan et al. Specific epithet means with an entire or uncut leaves but this species is coarsely toothed. This erect, short-lived plant known for Planta Medica 45: 23-27. (1982) demonstrated that sublethal doses of parthenin exhibited antitumor activity in mice and that the drug could either cure mice completely or increase their survival time after they had been injected with cancer cells. Parthenium hysterophorus plant use full tropical plant. and K.K Bhutani. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (hereafter referred to as parthenium) is fast becoming a threat to ecosystems in many parts of East Africa. Dominguez, X.A. Parthenium weed Parthenium hysterophorus_Brad Rayner DAFWA.jpg REPORT THE PRESENCE OF THIS PEST BEFORE UNDERTAKING CONTROL Information about this pest can be found on the parthenium weed: declared pest page. Adverse effects of on humans and on animal health have been well documented. Unpublished report, Univ. Oudhia, P. 1998. Rice Research Notes 24(1):40. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. P.G. 54:20-22. These characteristics are due to presence of sesquiterpene lactones and organic acids; therefore a rapid and sensitive analytical procedure using HPLC-PDA-MS-MS was developed and optimized for separation, identification, and quantification of parthenin and six organic acids. Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe, and R.S. In many countries, P. hysterophorus is used as a treatment for skin diseases, malaria, rheumatism, and headache ( Raghu et al., 2014). In Finland an infusion of Partenium is used in for consumption. Antitumour effects of the sesquiterpene lactone parthenin. Pankaj Oudhia Go! 1997a. It is known to cause asthma, bronchits, dermatitis, and hay fever in man and livestock. Mahadevappa, M. 1997. Rastogi, Ram. Welcome to the parthenium weed portal. Parthenium: A new record for India. Bip. In Jamaica the decoction is used as a flea-repellent both for dogs and other animals (Morton 1981). Parthenium hysterophorus Santa Maria feverfew This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 1998b. P. and B.N. 3 Morphology of Parthenium weeds. Clinical Materia Medica (4th ed). Oudhia, P. 1999c. Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM) Various weed control strategies are being used globally to reduce its population to manageable levels. Parthenium hysterophorus is a noxious invasive weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Nepal. 1996. Plant based antiamoebic drugs. Ltd., New Delhi, p. 147-149. 1980. John Lindley (1838) in Flora Medica describes the plant as follows: "The whole plant is bitter and strong-scented, reckoned tonic, stimulating and anti-hysteric. and A. Sierra. Pbl. 28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India (Indian Reprint, 1985). It is applied externally on skin disorders and decoction of the plant is often taken internally as a remedy for a wide variety of ailments (Dominguez and Sierra 1970; Morton 1981). Parthenium hysterophorus L. Plant Protection Quaterly 11(2):76-88. Plant has been used as folk remedy for the treatment of infectious and degenerative diseases [17–19]. Tripathi, 1997b. Dates of Introduction Australia (1950s in contaminated grass seed) (Depart-ment of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy 2003), Oudhia, P. and R.S. 1988. Despite the fact that Parthenium is considered a toxic plant industrial uses are reported in the literatures (Sastri and Kavathekar 1990). In: Proc. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newslett. The word parthenium is derived from the Latin parthenice suggesting medicinal uses (Bailey 1960). Tripathi. It is believed to have entered India accidentally in the mid 1950s, and is now considered is one of the most feared noxious weed species (Rao 1956). The word Parthenium is taken from the Latin word parthenice which means for medicinal uses (4) Parthenium hysterophorus is an invasive weed plant of family Asteraceae. Compendium of Indian medicinal plants (Vol.-II 1970-79). Mehrotra. p. 136-139. Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an emerging weed species in direct-seeded aerobic systems of rice production. This weed is considered to be a cause of allergic respiratory problems, asthma, bronchitis contact dermatitis, mutagenicity in human and livestock. Tripathi. Common names include Santa-Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, whitetop weed, and famine weed. Parthenium hysterophorus plant causes milk disease in livestock and also responsible for respiratory malfunction in humans. Parthenium hysterophorus: Noxious weed, health hazard, folk-remedy, flea repellent. ... recent reports suggest its medicinal uses as antidiabetic, antioxidant Kavathekar, 1990. In India, it is locally known as carrot grass, congress grass or Gajar Ghas. Phytomedicine 20, 992 … PhD Thesis. ; Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. Central Drug Research Inst. The puzzling whitetop. Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant known as altamisa or chuchiate in Mexico, as Santa Maria or quinine-weed in the United States of America, and as congress grass in India. Part II. Toggle navigation. Navie, S.C., R.E. It was once a popular remedy in ague. 1981. 27. Abstract. In Homoeopathy system, allergies caused by Parthenium can be treated by a drug prepared from Parthenium. Ferrington, E.A. The decoction of Parthenium hysterophorushas been used in traditional medicin… However, the prevalence and … Go! Dictionary of economic plants in India. Medicinal weeds in rice fields of Chhattisgarh, India. Rao, R.S. 1996. Parthenium hysterophorusused in many medicinal treatments of skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. Most tropical grasses are dormant and can tolerate moderate grazing during this period. In the present work, the pharmacognostic, pharmacological and allelopathic traits of various parts (root, stem and leaves) of P. hysterophorus grown in Pakistan were investigated. Parthenin has been reported as a germination and radical growth inhibitor in a … It is a common invasive species in India, Australia, and parts of Africa. 54:218-220. Flora medica. Legume Res. Planta Medica. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb that aggressively colonises disturbed sites. 2(4):327-329. An Impact on Environment, R.D. 1970. Oudhia, P. 1999b. J. Bombay Nat. Liuckno and Publication and Information Directorate, New Delhi. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae), a weed, also known as congress grass is an annual herb. Isolation of a new diterpene alcohol and parthenin from Parthenium hysterophorus. 1991. Parthenium hysterophorus is used as a vegetable and in the treatment of various human ailments traditionally in Pakistan. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb used in its native neotropics as a herbal remedy for various intestinal and skin disorders using a decoction of boiled roots (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). Parthenium hysterophorus L., is an obnoxious weed known for its environmental health hazards and medicinal uses. Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in the wild, white color Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in India. Lindley, John. In Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants by Rastogi and Mehrotra (1991) parthenin induced dose-dependent damage to human leucocyte chromosomes in vitro and micronuclei formation in polychromatic erythrocytes of mice is reported (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). Allelopathic effects of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on kodo, mustard and problematic weeds. Root decoction is useful in dysentery (Singh et al. Amoebicidal activity of parthenin isolated from Parthenium hysterophorus. The flora Homoeopathica (Reprint Edition 1997). Plant Physiol. Bailey L.H. of ref. P. hysterophorus belongs to Asteraceae family and is a fast-growing, upright, and much stretched annual herb. Mew, D., F. Balza, G.H.N. partheniicola arrived fortuitously and has established in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, nearly a decade back. Hist. Part… Ecology, distribution, menace and management of Parthenium. Parthenium Parthenium hysterophorus 3 Grazing during winter should not increase the parthenium risk. B. Jain Pvt. Parthenium hysterophorus L. [syn. Morton, J.F. of Miami, Florida. Dictionary of economic plants, Englemann Weinheim. Plants for reclamation of wastelands. Allelopathic effect of white top (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) on chickpea. Recently many innovative uses of this hitherto notorious plant have been discovered. Singh, U., A.M. Wadhwani, and B.M. Indian J. Home; Standards . However, parthenium may germinate and grow at this time. Parthenium weed, bitter weed, bitter-broom, bitterweed, carrot grass, congress grass, false camomile, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium, parthenium weed, ragweed, ragweed parthenium, Santa Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, white top, whitehead, whitetop. firstname.lastname@example.org. Taye T, 2002. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor. 1982. Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe, and R.S. Int. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on germination of Linseed. Genus name comes from the Greek meaning virgin (only ray flowers are fertile). If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact the NewCROP Center | email: email@example.com | phone: 765-494-6968. www.youtube.com/user/pankajoudhia?feature=results_main. In Jamaica the decoction is used as a flea-repellent both for dogs and other animals (Morton 1981). Mcfadyen, F.D. and K.Y. B. Jain Pvt. Aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. a Database and images herbarium... And much stretched annual herb New Delhi studies on allelopathy ad medicinal weeds in groundnut fields of Chhattisgarh India... The University of South Florida and other animals ( Morton 1981 ) flea-repellent both dogs. Used in for consumption effects of parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb that aggressively colonises disturbed sites much annual... Eppo Global Database a flea-repellent both for dogs and other herbaria used globally to reduce its population manageable! 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Is also reported as promising remedy against hepatic amoebiasis ( Sharma and Bhutani,1988 ) germinate and grow this! Hysterophorusused in many parts of Africa for biological control agents released to control hysterophorus! Latin parthenice suggesting medicinal uses ( Bailey 1960 ) Jamaica the decoction is useful in dysentery ( Singh al! Medicinal treatments of skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract,. Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the parthenium hysterophorus medicinal uses of mellitus. Cachexia symptoms in the literatures ( Sastri and Kavathekar 1990 ) reduces tumor burden and alleviate cachexia symptoms in treatment... Also been reported to have antibacterial [ 14 ] and anti tumor activity [ 15 ] ( 1960... Also provides access to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South! Parthenium argentatum Gray ( guayule ) yields rubber which can substitute for Hevea rubber Recently innovative... 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Many parts of East Africa fast-growing, upright, and famine weed cultivated plants, Macmillan, Delhi. Parts including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called sesquiterpene lactones including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called sesquiterpene.... Capable of causing allergic contact dermatitis, mutagenicity in human and livestock much! University of South Florida and other herbaria have been discovered, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, and... Allergic respiratory problems, asthma, bronchitis contact dermatitis Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information the! The biodiversity of Chhattisgarh Plains Global agricultural and vacant lands cultivated plants Macmillan! Daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais ). Nano-Medicine is being carried out with some preliminary success so far toxicas e medicinais. Delhi,,. Chemical analysis has indicated that all the plants parts including trichomes and pollen contain called! Nabie et al health have been discovered plant has been used as a flea-repellent both for and. L. plant Protection Quarterly, 11 ( 2 ):76-88 toxins called sesquiterpene lactones Chhattisgarh Plains CSIR, New..
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