On 23 January 2010, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced that the federal government had lifted the limit on the amount of money allocated for matching individual donations to relief efforts, and that the federal government would continue to match individual donations until 12 February 2010; by the deadline, Canadians had privately raised C$220 million. Telling them to wash their hands when there's no water or soap is a slap in the face. , The commission was critiqued by Haitian groups for lacking Haitian civil society representation and accountability mechanisms. , About 64,000 people living in the three adjacent agricultural communities of Durissy, Morne a Chandelle, and Les Palmes were relatively unharmed because most of the people were working in the fields when the quakes struck. Many areas of Port-au-Prince were settled either by tonton makout – Duvalier's death squads – given land for their service or by squatters. The orphans created by these mass mortalities—as well as those whose parents had died prior to the quake—were left vulnerable to abuse and human trafficking.  Damage to the Port-au-Prince seaport rendered the harbor unusable for immediate rescue operations; its container crane subsided severely at an angle because of weak foundations.  There were also accounts of looters wounded or killed by vigilantes and neighbourhoods that had constructed their own roadblock barricades. Cap-Haïtien, other towns in the north of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and the Sans-Souci Palace were destroyed during an earthquake on 7 May 1842. Engineers have stated that it is unlikely many buildings would have stood through any kind of disaster. , In addition to Canada's federal government, the governments of several of the provinces and territories of Canada also announced that they would provide immediate emergency aid to Haiti. A 2016 report by the organization Doctors Without Borders claimed that cases of cholera had likely been significantly underreported. About 220,000 people were reportedly killed, among them, 102 UN staff who lost their lives when the building housing the stabilization mission there, known as MINUSTAH, collapsed. , The buoy tender USCG Oak and USNS Grasp (T-ARS-51) were on scene by 18 January to assess damage to the port and work to reopen it, and by 21 January one pier at the Port-au-Prince seaport was functional, offloading humanitarian aid, and a road had been repaired to make transport into the city easier. Millions were spent on ad campaigns telling people to wash their hands. Geologists initially blamed the earthquake on the movement of the Caribbean tectonic plate eastward along the Enriquillo–Plantain Garden (EPG) strike-slip fault system. In January 2011, one year after the quake, Oxfam published a report on the status of the recovery. Other nations from farther afield also sent personnel, medicines, materiel, and other aid to Haiti. , In September 2010 there were over one million refugees still living in tents, and the humanitarian situation was characterized as still being in the emergency phase, according to the Apostolic Nuncio to Haiti, Archbishop Bernard Auza.  In an interview on 21 January, Leo Merores, Haiti's ambassador to the UN, said that he expected the port to be fully functional again within two weeks. " Edmond Mulet, UN Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, said, "I do not think we will ever know what the death toll is from this earthquake", while the director of the Haitian Red Cross, Jean-Pierre Guiteau, noted that his organization had not had the time to count bodies, as their focus had been on the treatment of survivors. , On 25 January a one-day conference was held in Montreal to assess the relief effort and discuss further plans. In December 2012 the UN, while not acknowledging that its troops had been vectors of the disease, announced that it would fund a program proposed by the governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic to rid Hispaniola of cholera by instituting new sanitation and vaccination measures. The UN asserted in February 2013 that it would not receive compensation claims related to the outbreak, citing its convention on privileges and immunities.  They claimed that rape of Haitian women and girls who had been living in camps since the January earthquake was increasing, in part, because the United Nations wasn't doing enough to protect them. Around 200 guests were killed in the collapse of the Hôtel Montana in Port-au-Prince. , Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is ranked 149th of 182 countries on the Human Development Index.  The United Kingdom's Secretary of State for International Development Douglas Alexander called the result of the earthquake an "almost unprecedented level of devastation", and committed the UK to £20 million in aid, while France promised €10 million.  The Dominican emergency team assisted more than 2,000 injured people, while the Dominican Institute of Telecommunications (Indotel) helped with the restoration of some telephone services. A spokesman for the joint task force running the airport confirmed that, though more flights were requesting landing slots, none was being turned away. ", Slow distribution of resources in the days after the earthquake resulted in sporadic violence, with looting reported. Even if this logistical logjam were to be cleared, the vast majority of Port-au-Prince residents, up to 85%, did not own their homes before the earthquake.  Over 3,000 people had been treated by Médecins Sans Frontières as of 18 January. On Jan. 12, 2010, a powerful 7.0 magnitude earthquake rocked Haiti. Images and testimonials circulating after the earthquake across the internet and through social media helped to intensify the reaction of global engagement. Fibre-optic connectivity was also disrupted. Two years ago tomorrow, January 12, a catastrophic 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti, leveling thousands of structures and killing hundreds of thousands of people. A woman walking down a devastated street in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, January 20, 2010. , Six months after the quake as much as 98% of the rubble remained uncleared. Easing refugee immigration into Canada was discussed by Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, and in the US Haitians were granted Temporary protected status, a measure that permits about 100,000 illegal alien Haitians in the United States to stay legally for 18 months, and halts the deportations of 30,000 more, though it does not apply to Haitians outside the US. There is no evidence of surface rupture; based on seismological, geological and ground deformation data, it is also thought that the earthquake did not involve significant lateral slip on the main Enriquillo fault. The situation was complicated by the lack of room on ramps for planes to unload their cargo, and some planes did not have enough fuel to leave. Parliamentary elections were held in August 2015, and a second round, alongside a presidential election, was held in October 2015.  The small airstrip suffered damage rendering it unusable for supply flights until 20 January. Préval’s term in office was set to end the following year.  They are Haitian students who were selected to continue their education in Senegal.  Lt. Gen. P.K. It was simply designed as a vehicle for donors to funnel multinationals' and NGOs' project contracts.  Many government and public buildings were damaged or destroyed including the Palace of Justice, the National Assembly, the Supreme Court and Port-au-Prince Cathedral. Numerous other claims did not hold up under investigation. , The 2010 cholera outbreak has continued. 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, 2010, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.  The Haitian art world suffered great losses; artworks were destroyed, and museums and art galleries were extensively damaged, among them Port-au-Prince's main art museum, Centre d'Art, College Saint Pierre and Holy Trinity Cathedral. General counsel for the American Red Cross, David Meltzer, provided investigators with the NGO's official statistics, but would not elaborate on them.  Members of social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook spread messages and pleas to send help. Working in close partnership with other relief organizations, Real Medicine organized deployments of volunteer medical specialists to meet the needs of partner hospitals and clinics at the Haiti–Dominican Republic border and in Port-au-Prince, provided direct funding, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals to local health facilities and partner hospitals, provided advisory services and coordination to local health facilities, including physical therapy support, and coordinated mobile health outreaches, field clinics and food supplies to outlying villages overlooked in the relief effort. Waiting for treatment, Haitians suffering from cholera symptoms are helped by other residents, St. Marc, Haiti, October 2010.  Many camps remained at a risk for flooding and more than a third of the camps (108) were at risk for evictions. More aftershocks occurred in the following days, including another one of magnitude 5.9 that struck on January 20 at Petit Goâve, a town some 35 miles (55 km) west of Port-au-Prince. The magnitude 7.0 quake …  Google Earth updated its coverage of Port-au-Prince on 17 January, showing the earthquake-ravaged city. A remake of the song "Wavin' Flag" by Somalian-Canadian singer K’naan became a charity single in Canada, reaching number 1 on the "Canadian Hot 100" chart.  Most of these workers were initially involved in the search for survivors at the organization's collapsed headquarters..  A representative of Catholic Relief Services has estimated that about two million Haitians lived as squatters on land they did not own. Keen, deputy commander of US Southern Command, however, announced that despite the stories of looting and violence, there was less violent crime in Port-au-Prince after the earthquake than before. , Prime Minister Bellerive announced that from 20 January, people would be helped to relocate outside the zone of devastation, to areas where they may be able to rely on relatives or better fend for themselves; people who have been made homeless would be relocated to the makeshift camps created by residents within the city, where a more focused delivery of aid and sanitation could be achieved. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake occurred approximately 15 kilometers southwest of the densely populated capital, Port-au-Prince.  In response to the earthquake, foreign governments offered badly needed financial aid. The political instability created by the quake resulted in the postponement of municipal and senatorial elections scheduled for 2011 and 2012, respectively.  There are concerns that the main earthquake could be the beginning of a new long-term sequence: "the whole region is fearful"; historical accounts, although not precise, suggest that there has been a sequence of quakes progressing westwards along the fault, starting with an earthquake in the Dominican Republic in 1751. Map of Haiti depicting the intensity of shaking and the degree of damage incurred by the January 12, 2010, earthquake. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. , The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other cities in the region.  Treatment of the injured was hampered by the lack of hospital and morgue facilities: the Argentine military field hospital, which had been serving MINUSTAH, was the only one available until 13 January.  The Canadian government worked to expedite around 100 adoption cases that were already underway when the earthquake struck, issuing temporary permits and waiving regular processing fees; the federal government also announced that it would cover adopted children's healthcare costs upon their arrival in Canada until they could be covered under provincially administered public healthcare plans. It was set up in eight hours and began operations on the evening of 16 January. , The quake created a landslide dam on the Rivière de Grand Goâve.  The Navy had conducted 336 air deliveries, delivered 32,400 US gallons (123,000 L) of water, 532,440 bottles of water, 111,082 meals and 9,000 lb (4,100 kg) of medical supplies by 20 January. The magnitude 7.0 quake … The strike-slip fault system in the region has two branches in Haiti, the Septentrional-Oriente fault in the north and the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault in the south; both its location and focal mechanism suggested that the January 2010 quake was caused by a rupture of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault, which had been locked for 250 years, gathering stress. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island.  After a United Nations call for help for the people affected by the earthquake, Canada pledged an additional C$60 million in aid on 19 January 2010, bringing Canada's total contribution to C$135 million. ", The Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, Let Haiti Live, and the Center for Constitutional Rights have recommended immediate changes to recovery efforts to ensure that critical human rights concerns are addressed. , Most of Port-au-Prince's municipal buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged, including the City Hall, which was described by The Washington Post as, "a skeletal hulk of concrete and stucco, sagging grotesquely to the left. Election observers noted fewer instances of fraud in the runoff, and voter turnout was higher.  They were joined by the French Navy vessel Francis Garnier on 16 January, the same day the hospital ship USNS Comfort and guided-missile cruiser USS Bunker Hill left for Haiti.  A hospital in Pétion-Ville, a wealthy suburb of Port-au-Prince, also collapsed, as did the St. Michel District Hospital in the southern town of Jacmel, which was the largest referral hospital in south-east Haiti. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years. The UN stated that it had resisted formalising the organization of the relief effort to allow as much leeway as possible for those wishing to assist in the relief effort, but with the new agreement "we're leaving that emergency phase behind".  During the days following the earthquake, hundreds were seen marching through the streets in peaceful processions, singing and clapping.. The song was later chosen as Coca-Cola's promotional anthem for the 2010 FIFA World Cup hosted by South Africa. René Préval to defer legislative elections that had been scheduled for the end of February. Italy announced it would waive repayment of the €40 million it had loaned to Haiti, and the World Bank waived the country's debt repayments for five years. The epicentre was just 25 km west of the capital Port-au-Prince and the focus was only 13km below the surface. The 26-member international Interim Haiti Reconstruction Commission, headed by Bill Clinton and Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive, convened in June 2010. Most of the camps had no electricity, running water, or sewage disposal, and the tents were beginning to fall apart.  The building housing the offices of Citibank in Port-au-Prince collapsed, killing five employees. , The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami warning immediately after the initial quake, but quickly cancelled it. A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck Haiti at 4:53 p.m. EST on Tuesday, causing widespread damage. , In 2015, NPR and ProPublica investigated the disappearance of US$500 million donated to the American Red Cross for earthquake relief, earlier described by the charity as the result of "one of the most successful fundraisers ever". , Over the first weekend 130,000 food packets and 70,000 water containers were distributed to Haitians, as safe landing areas and distribution centers such as golf courses were secured.  According to estimates from the U.S. Geological Survey, approximately 3.5 million people lived in the area that experienced shaking intensity of MM VII to X, a range that can cause moderate to very heavy damage even to earthquake-resistant structures. Though some provisional housing was erected before the onset of inclement weather, many persons remained in tents and other shelters that provided scant protection from the elements. In addition, 39 trucks carrying canned food were dispatched, along with 10 mobile kitchens and 110 cooks capable of producing 100,000 meals per day.. 300,000+ people were injured 5. Mag.  On top of matching donations, International Co-operation Minister Bev Oda pledged an additional C$290 million in long-term relief to be spent between 2010 and 2012, including C$8 million in debt relief to Haiti, part of a broader cancellation of the country's overall World Bank debt. Epicenter at 19.38, -74.135. The most-watched telethon in history aired on 22 January, called "Hope for Haiti Now," raising US$58 million by the next day. On 22 January, the United Nations noted that the emergency phase of the relief operation was drawing to a close, and on the following day, the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors. , On 5 February, ten Baptist missionaries from Idaho led by Laura Silsby were charged with criminal association and kidnapping for trying to smuggle 33 children out of Haiti.  Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. Gonaïves seaport in northern Haiti remained operational. , In Jacmel, a city of 50,000, the mayor claimed that 70 percent of the homes had been damaged and that the quake had killed 300 to 500 people and left some 4,000 injured. On 12 January 2010, a 7.0 magnitude quake struck Haiti, devastating its capital, Port-au-Prince. Joel Boutroue, a Haitian government advisor, said that this number would cover "100 percent of the urban area", and observed that it would mean the Red Cross had served every city in Haiti.  The supply backup at the airport was expected to ease as the apron management improved, and when the perceived need for heavy security diminished. , The helicopter carrier USS Bataan sailed with three large dock landing ships and two survey/salvage vessels, to create a "sea base" for the rescue effort.  On 29 January 2010, a group of ten American Baptist missionaries from Idaho attempted to cross the Haiti-Dominican Republic border with 33 Haitian children. Two years later, though roughly half of the rubble littering Port-au-Prince had been cleared and some damaged residences had been made habitable, more than half a million people remained in tents, many of which had deteriorated significantly. Looting—restrained in the early days following the quake—became more prevalent in the absence of sufficient supplies and was exacerbated in the capital by the escape of several thousand prisoners from the damaged penitentiary. Another 300,000 were injured. A runoff election was held on March 20, 2011, between the top two candidates: popular musician Michel Martelly and Mirlande Manigat, a legal scholar and the wife of a former president of Haiti. I can only think that their priority must be somewhere else. The earthquake that devastated Haiti Tuesday was the strongest temblor to hit the island nation in more than 200 years. The river—the longest on the island and a major source of drinking water there—had been contaminated with fecal matter carrying a South Asian strain of cholera bacteria. The Dutch radio channels 3FM, Radio 538 and Radio Veronica all broadcast under the name of Radio555, funded by a contribution of €80 million. Without adequate reinforcement, the buildings disintegrated under the force of the quake, killing or trapping their occupants. , In the nights following the earthquake, many people in Haiti slept in the streets, on pavements, in their cars, or in makeshift shanty towns either because their houses had been destroyed, or they feared standing structures would not withstand aftershocks. It's just like the stories we are told of the Holocaust – thousands of bodies everywhere. The group, known as the New Life Children's Refuge, did not have proper authorization for transporting the children and were arrested on kidnapping charges. , By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded. Over 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake (293,383 in total), 1.5m people became homeless 6. The draft of a report commissioned by the U.S. government and made public in May 2011 drastically revised the estimate downward to no more than 85,000. In 2010 and 2011, for example, donors disbursed just US$125 million of the US$311 million in grants allocated to agriculture projects, and only US$108 million of the US$315 million in grants allocated to health projects. Prime Minister Bellerive told delegates from 20 countries that Haiti would need "massive support" for its recovery from the international community. , Social networking organizations such as Crisis Camp Haiti were developed to aid in the structure and coordination of relief efforts in Haiti and future catastrophic events as well. When asked why the road had not been opened, Hazem el-Zein, head of the south-east division of the UN World Food Programme said that "We ask the same questions to the people in charge...They promise rapid response. The city, already beset by a strained and inadequate infrastructure and still recovering from the two tropical storms and two hurricanes of August–September 2008, was ill-equipped to deal with such a disaster.  In October 2010, 163 of these applicants arrived in Senegal. The first team to arrive in Port-au-Prince was ICE-SAR from Iceland, landing within 24 hours of the earthquake. , At the peak of the relief efforts, the airport was in a state of chaos. The last major earthquake near Hispaniola, a magnitude 8.0 in … The earthquake occurred 18.457°N, 72.533°W.  Strong shaking associated with intensity IX on the Modified Mercalli scale (MM) was recorded in Port-au-Prince and its suburbs. Farther south the city of Jacmel also sustained significant damage, and to the west the city of Léogâne, even closer to the epicentre than Port-au-Prince, was essentially leveled.  The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest) and approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. They call for more oversight of accountability of reconstruction plans, asking, "Why have only 94,000 transitional shelters been built to date despite a stated goal of 125,000 in the first year? As a result, a mobile translation program to translate between English and Haitian Creole had to be written quickly.  At least three people were swept out to sea by the wave and were reported dead. Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. , The quake seriously damaged the control tower at Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport. ", "Earthquake leaves Haiti 'worse than a war zone, "Fears of major catastrophe as 7.0 quake rocks Haiti", "Magnitude 7.0 – HAITI REGION Tectonic Summary", "Earthquake in Haiti: Gone in 30 seconds", "Complex rupture during the 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake", "Magnitude 7.0 – HAITI REGION USGS Community Internet Intensity Map", "More than 2 million affected by earthquake, Chile's president says", "Haiti quake: The worst of places for a big tremor", "Finite Fault Model Preliminary Result of the 12 January 2010 Mw 7.0 Haiti Earthquake", "NGY Seismology Note No.24 (in Japanese)", "Deformation of Jamaica and motion of the Gonâve microplate from GPS and seismic data", "Entiquillo-Plantain Garden Strike-Slip Fault Zone: A Major Seismic Hazard Affecting Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica", "Haiti/ Menace de Catastrope Naturelle / Risque sismique élevé sur Port-au-Prince", "New aid arrives, but aftershock rattles Haiti", "Aftershock Rattles Nerves in Haitian Capital", "Haitians flee in fear as big aftershock hits", Haiti earthquake: reaching victims outside the capital, "Many casualties expected after big quake in Haiti", "In Petit Paradis, earthquake then tsunami", "Aid workers face frightening challenges in wake of massive quake in Haiti", "Only one hospital open in Haiti's quake-hit capital", "Major earthquake off Haiti causes hospital to collapse", "Haitians show fortitude in face of disaster", "UN provides generator for a hospital in Haiti", "Haiti seaport damage complicates relief efforts", Statement From Digicel on Haiti Earthquake, "Update from Trilogy: five employees killed in Haiti", "Earthquake Sets Back Haiti's Efforts to Improve Telecommunications", "Haïti: les rescapés évacués à la Martinique décrivent le "chaos, "Info – Séisme à Haïti: les autorités s'attendent au pire", "Haiti's president narrowly missed injury in quake", "U.S. People return home ''. 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